Safety is important when it comes to fracking, especially in states with an abundant supply of energy from shale. In states such as Pennsylvania, fracking is becoming more developed as drilling technology advances and is able to release natural gas from shale formations safely.
The State Department of Environmental Conservation will release to issue nationwide fracking regulations. States, such as, Pennsylvania, Wyoming, Colorado, and Texas are already fracking states and could be considered sufficiently regulated already. In some states, hydraulic fracturing techniques have been used for nearly seven decades to help release gas from the ground.
Even though fracking is sufficiently regulated in Pennsylvania, the communities in Pennsylvania are concerns with fracking safety.
Fracking wells are well below the ground anywhere between 5,000-9,000 feet vertically and 10,000 feet horizontally. Residential water wells only run 200-500 feet below ground and near fresh water sources. Fracking sites are regulated away from fresh water sources.
Fracking safety starts in the planning process, and the planning process for fracking starts long before fracturing actually begins. First, detailed simulations are run for the purpose of optimizing the fracturing process. Then the operating plan is made. Before the fracking process can begin, the mining authority makes the final approval in the planning process and takes all safety precautions.